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Updates found with 'decrease'

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Updates found with 'decrease'

Avoiding winter heart attackAs temperatures start to fall, your risk of a heart attack begins to climb. "Cold weather sometimes creates a perfect storm of risk factors for cardiovascular problems, " says Dr. Rudradev Pandey, a cardiologist with C.K Biral Group of Hospitals JaipurMany of these risks stem from what Dr. Pandey calls a "mismatch between supply and demand." Cold weather can decrease the supply of oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle. And it can put you in situations that force your heart to work harder; as a result, your heart demands more oxygen-rich blood. Such a mismatch-a smaller supply of oxygen to the heart coupled with a greater demand for oxygen by the heart-sets you up for a heart attack.Below, we summarize some of the many situations that can lead to heart attack during the colder months-and how to minimize them.Risk: OverexertionWinter sometimes causes us to overexert. We walk briskly against a strong wind, Exertion increases the heart's demand for oxygen. "If there's a blockage in a heart artery that reduces blood flow to the heart muscle, supply may not be sufficient to meet the demand, " says Dr Pandey Many of us have blockages we don't know about.Solution: "Be especially careful about exerting yourself outdoors in winter. . I encourage my patients to avoid doing Heavy Exercises, especially if they have risk factors for heart disease, " says Dr. Pandey. Risk factors include smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, family history, and obesity. Dr. Pandey urges you to have someone else help in doing Heavy WorkRisk: Cold exposureWhen your body is suddenly exposed to icy temperatures, your blood vessels clamp down.Solution: "Don't head out the door half-dressed. Put on your coat, hat, and gloves in advance, " says Dr. Pandey.Risk: OverheatingWhile it's important to dress warmly in cold weather, it's also important to avoid getting overheated—for example, from physical activity. If you get overheated, your body will need to release the heat. Too much warm clothing may prevent that, causing blood vessels to dilate, which can dramatically lower blood pressure. "When blood pressure drops, it can reduce the heart's blood supply, possibly leading to a heart attack, " says Dr. PandeySolution: Dress in layers. If you start to sweat, remove a layer until you cool down, then replace the layer. Better yet, go inside and take a break.Risk: InfluenzaA bout of seasonal flu can trigger a heart attack in people already at risk for heart disease. The flu causes a fever, which makes your heart beat faster (raising its demand for oxygen). The flu also can cause dehydration, which can reduce your blood pressure (lowering the heart's supply of oxygen). "Again, when demand exceeds supply, it may lead to a heart attack, " says Dr.Pandey.Solution: Try to avoid getting the flu by washing your hands often with soap and water and getting a flu shot. If you do get flu symptoms, such as fever, cough, or body aches, call your doctor and take antiviral medication if it's prescribed. Avoid dehydration by drinking plenty of fluids or eating water-rich foods such as fruit or soup.Wintertime can have a bad influence on your good health habits. The weather may prevent you from exercising regularly. Holiday parties may lead you to consume more calories, more "bad" fats, more salty food, and excessive alcohol.
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HEART FAILURE SYMPTOMS Heart failure can be ongoing (chronic), or your condition may start suddenly (acute).Heart failure signs and symptoms may include:-Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or when you lie down-Fatigue and weakness-Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet-Rapid or irregular heartbeat-Reduced ability to exercise-Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood- tinged phlegm-Increased need to urinate at night-Swelling of your abdomen (ascites)-Sudden weight gain from fluid retention-Lack of appetite and nausea-Difficulty concentrating or decreased alertness-Sudden, severe shortness of breath and coughing up pink, foamy mucus-Chest pain if your heart failure is caused by a heart attackWhen to see a doctorSee your doctor if you think you might be experiencing signs or symptoms of heart failure. Seek emergency treatment if you experience any of the following:-Chest pain-Fainting or severe weakness-Rapid or irregular heartbeat associated with shortness of breath, chest pain or fainting-Sudden, severe shortness of breath and coughing up pink, foamy mucusAlthough these signs and symptoms may be due to heart failure, there are many other possible causes, including other life-threatening heart and lung conditions. Don't try to diagnose yourself If you have a diagnosis of heart failure and if any of the symptoms suddenly become worse or you develop a new sign or symptom, it may mean that existing heart failure is getting worse or not responding to treatment. Contact your doctor promptly.Heart Failure Specialist Jaipur- Dr Rudradev Pandey
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